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Submission Guidelines

Please prepare your manuscript according to the following format and email it to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. If you do not receive any reply with 3 days, please resend and cc your email to the Managing Editor or Editor-in-Chief


Page 1: Title, author’s name and affiliation, postal and e-mail address of each author. Please indicate corresponding author with an asterisk.

Page 2: Title, abstract not exceeding 200 words, 4-6 keywords. Articles not written in English should be accompanied by a title, abstract and keywords in English.

Page 3 onwards: Text in single-spacing and margins – top and bottom, left and right – should be 1.50 inches wide, Calibri 11 point.

Do not indent the first paragraph of each section. Indent the first line of subsequent paragraphs by ½ inch.

Use the three-level headings in APA style:

Centred Uppercase and Lowercase Heading
Flush Left, Italicised, Uppercase and Lowercase Side Heading
Indented, Italicised, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period

Quotations. Use double quotation marks to enclose quotations of fewer than 40 words. Within this quotation, use single quotation marks to enclose quoted material. Long quotations should be placed in a block which is indented ½ inch from the left margin.

Follow APA style for table titles and headings (placed above the table) and figures and figure captions (placed below the figure). Examples:

Table 1
Types of use of communication strategies across age groups

Figure 1. Frequency of communication strategy use across age groups

Do not use footnotes. If notes are unavoidable, use a numeral in superscript and list notes at the end of the article, before the References.

Follow APA style (6th ed.) for citation and referencing, with the exception of Malay names which should be spelt in full in the text and the reference list.